The product ID won't affect the drivers you can recieve in the future nor affect your computers warranty.
The biggest problem you're likely to run into is Windows activation but it would normally show up after the first reboot if it was going to. Beyond that you're likely to have drivers for your old hardware hanging around unused but newer versions of Windows can cope with that better than older ones.
Cloning, by definition, is going to an exact copy of the source. You wouldn't typically clone an older computer onto a new one if the hardware differs. It's normally used for replacing the drive (or backups) in the same computer.